The Hittite testimony reflects an early form Apollo, like other Greek deities, had a number of epithets applied to him, reflecting the variety of roles, duties, and aspects ascribed to the god.
Medicine and healing are associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague.
Amongst the god's custodial charges, Apollo became associated with dominion over colonists, and as the patron defender of herds and flocks.
As the leader of the Muses (Apollon Musegetes) and director of their choir, Apollo functioned as the patron god of music and poetry.
) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of music, truth and prophecy, healing, the sun and light, plague, poetry, and more.
Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis.
Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.
Hermes created the lyre for him, and the instrument became a common attribute of Apollo. In Hellenistic times, especially during the 3rd century BCE, as Apollo Helios he became identified among Greeks with Helios, Titan god of the sun, and his sister Artemis similarly equated with Selene, Titan goddess of the moon.
In Latin texts, on the other hand, Joseph Fontenrose declared himself unable to find any conflation of Apollo with Sol among the Augustan poets of the 1st century, not even in the conjurations of Aeneas and Latinus in Aeneid XII (161–215).