Kolb believed that we cannot perform both variables on a single axis at the same time (e.g. Our learning style is a product of these two choice decisions.It's often easier to see the construction of Kolb's learning styles in terms of a two-by-two matrix.
Much of Kolb’s theory is concerned with the learner’s internal cognitive processes.
Kolb states that learning involves the acquisition of abstract concepts that can be applied flexibly in a range of situations. Concrete Experience - (a new experience of situation is encountered, or a reinterpretation of existing experience).2. Of particular importance are any inconsistencies between experience and understanding).3.
In Kolb’s theory, the impetus for the development of new concepts is provided by new experiences.“Learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience” (Kolb, 1984, p. Abstract Conceptualization (Reflection gives rise to a new idea, or a modification of an existing abstract concept).4.
Kolb explains that different people naturally prefer a certain single different learning style.
Various factors influence a person's preferred style.
For example, social environment, educational experiences, or the basic cognitive structure of the individual.Whatever influences the choice of style, the learning style preference itself is actually the product of two pairs of variables, or two separate 'choices' that we make, which Kolb presented as lines of axis, each with 'conflicting' modes at either end: A typical presentation of Kolb's two continuums is that the east-west axis is called the Processing Continuum (how we approach a task), and the north-south axis is called the Perception Continuum (our emotional response, or how we think or feel about it).Active Experimentation (the learner applies them to the world around them to see what results).Effective learning is seen when a person progresses through a cycle of four stages: of (1) having a concrete experience followed by (2) observation of and reflection on that experience which leads to (3) the formation of abstract concepts (analysis) and generalizations (conclusions) which are then (4) used to test hypothesis in future situations, resulting in new experiences.Kolb (1974) views learning as an integrated process with each stage being mutually supportive of and feeding into the next.It is possible to enter the cycle at any stage and follow it through its logical sequence.